• [S247] Lisa Zirner, "Ludwig ZWIEBACK of Vienna," e-mail message from @9online.fr (Paris, France) to Ed Zwieback, 2000. Hereinafter cited as "Ludwig ZWIEBACK of Vienna."
  • [S266] General List entry; General List New York City Passenger List, 1890 on; in online; online (Utah: Ancestry.com), online.
  • [S280] Henry Wellisch, "Marriage Record; KRANZ/ZWIEBACK," e-mail message from @rogers.com (Toronto, Canada) to Ed Zwieback, 20 May 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Marriage Record; KRANZ/ZWIEBACK."
  • [S289] Joachim Zirner, "Family History; ZIRNER," e-mail message from @T-online.de (Leverkusen, Germany) to Ed Zwieback, 18 Dec 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Family History; ZIRNER."
  • [S290] Interview with Morris ZIRNER (Wien, Austria), by Wien, Austria U.S. Embassy, 5 May 1906. NARA (Washington, District of Columbia, USA).
  • [S292] Obituary; Markus ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Wien, Austria, 22 Jul 1906. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S293] Obituary; Max ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Wien, Austria, 17 Jun 1918, e-mail from Wolf-Erich Eckstein. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S300] Letter from Josef Zwieback (Vienna, Austria) to Mina Zwieback, 24 Feb 1850; Personal; Gertrude Zwieback (Modling, Wien, Austria).
  • [S304] Gisela Zirner Müller, "Family History; Zwieback & Zirner," e-mail message from @chello.at (Wien, Austria) to Ed Zwieback, 4 Jul 2002. Hereinafter cited as "Family History; Zwieback & Zirner."
  • [S305] U.S. Soc.Security App., U.S. Soc.Security App.; Ludwig Zirner (Wash. D.C.: U.S. Treasury Dept., 28 Mar 1939). Hereinafter cited as U.S. Soc.Security App.; Ludwig Zirner.
  • [S306] Household Registration; Ludwig Zwieback (Wien, Austria: Wien Meldezettl, 22 Nov 1891). Hereinafter cited as Household Registration; Ludwig Zwieback.
  • [S316] Biography; Gina Kaus, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gina_Kaus. Hereinafter cited as Biography; Gina Kaus.
  • [S339] Obituary; Alexander ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Wien, Austria, 10 Dec 1924, 15. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S348] Giles MacDonogh, 1938: Hitler's Gamble (387 Park Ave., NY, NY, 10016: Basic Books, Nov 2009). Hereinafter cited as 1938: Hitler's Gamble.
  • [S353] JewishGen, online http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/holocaust/, JewishGen Holocaust Database (JewishGen).
  • [S358] Unknown author London Gazette (n.p.: n.pub., 20 Dec 1946). Hereinafter cited as London Gazette.
  • [S360] ZIRNER-WIENER marriage, 1913, in IKG Marriages, unknown manuscript info, IKG, Wien,, Wien, Austria. Hereinafter cited as IKG Marriages.
  • [S361] Unknown agency, Lexicon of Gold and Silversmiths and their Hallmarks 1867-1922 (Wien, Austria: Waltrud Neuwirth, 1977). Hereinafter cited as Lexicon of Gold and Silversmiths.
  • [S363] ZIRNER-ZWIEBACK marriage, 1899, in IKG Marriage Record, unknown manuscript info, unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as IKG Marriage Record.
  • [S367] ZIRNER-HARTMANN marriage, 1925, in IKG Marriage Record, unknown manuscript info, IKG, Wien,, Wien, Austria. Hereinafter cited as IKG Marriage Record.
  • [S368] RAPAPORT-ZIRNER marriage, 1927, in IKG Marriage Record, unknown manuscript info, IKG, Wien,, Wien, Austria. Hereinafter cited as IKG Marriage Record.
  • [S387] Wolf-Erich Eckstein, "Descendents of Markus ZIRNER", 21 Apr 2000 (Vienna, Austria). Unknown comments. Hereinafter cited as "Descendents of Markus ZIRNER."
  • [S388] Death Notice; Fanny ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Vienna, Austria, 17 Oct 1911, 42. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S389] Death Notice; Julius ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Vienna, Austria, 10 Jan 1918, 13 of 26. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S390] Death Notice; Hermann ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Vienna, Austria, 30 Jan 1913, 38 of 38. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S393] Rudolf Ray Rapaport, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Ray_Rapaport. Hereinafter cited as Rudolf Ray Rapaport.
  • [S401] Death Notice; Alexander ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse; Alexander ZIRNER, Wien, austria, 9 Dec 1924, 15. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S420] Karen Szyjowicz, "Search for Otto/Gisela BRAUN Family," e-mail message from @ikg-wien.at (Vienna, Austria) to Ed Zwieback, 17 Mar 2010. Hereinafter cited as "Search for Otto/Gisela BRAUN Family."
  • [S421] Death Announcement; Jonas BRAUN, Neue Freie Presse, Wien, Austria, 1 Aug 1925, 16. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S422] Giles MacDonogh, "Family history; Gisela ZIRNER Braun," e-mail message from @macdonogh.co.uk (London, england) to Ed Zwieback, 18 Mar 2010. Hereinafter cited as "Family history; Gisela ZIRNER Braun."
  • [S424] Lisa Zirner, "Family History; Felix ZIRNER," e-mail message from @cybercable.fr (Paris, France) to Ed Zwieback, 14 may 2000. Hereinafter cited as "Family History; Felix ZIRNER."
  • [S599] Death Notice; Josef ZWIEBACK, Neue Freie Presse, Wien, Austria, 10 aug 1889, 18. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S607] K. Szyjowicz, "Research for BRAUN-ZIRNER Family," e-mail message from @ikg-wien.at (Wien, Austria) to Esperanza Zirner, 21 Jun 2010. Hereinafter cited as "Research for BRAUN-ZIRNER Family."
  • [S611] Joachim Zirner, "Family Tree; ZIRNER & LOWY", May 2000 (Leverkusen, Germany). Unknown comments. Hereinafter cited as "Family Tree; ZIRNER & LOWY."
  • [S629] Death Notice; Gisela Zirner, Neue Freie Presse, Wien Austria, 28 May 1930, 18. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S633] Death notice; Josef ZIRNER, Neue Freie Presse, Wien, Austria, 1 Aug 1915, 28. Hereinafter cited as Neue Freie Presse.
  • [S635] Giles MacDonogh, "Military history; Josef ZIRNER," e-mail message from @macdonogh.co.uk (London, UK) to Ed Zwieback, 20 Sep 2010. Hereinafter cited as "Military history; Josef ZIRNER."
  • [S645] Markus ZIRNER will (25 Jan 1894), Will & Testament; Markus ZIRNER unknown file number, Personal; Esperanza Zirner, Maywood, Los Angeles, California, USA. Hereinafter cited as Will & Testament; Markus ZIRNER.
  • [S652] Walther ZIRNER entry, Death Record; Walther ZIRNER, Personal; Esperanza Zirner, Maywood, Los Angeles, California, USA. Hereinafter cited as Death Record; Walther ZIRNER.
  • [S670] Gisela Alba Braun, "Family history; Otto BRAUN/Mercedes TRUJILLO," e-mail message from @yahoo.com (La Paz, Bolivia) to Gils MacDonogh, 26 Nov 2010. Hereinafter cited as "Family history; Otto BRAUN/Mercedes TRUJILLO."
  • [S676] Morris ZIRNER, Naturalization:, Z656, Bundle 502, record 262 (16 May 1892); U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
  • [S695] Operetta "The Fashion Baroness" Advertising Poster; Personal; Ed Zwieback, Long Beach, Los Angeles, California, USA.
  • [S701] Geni: ZWIEBACK Family, online http://www.geni.com/. Hereinafter cited as Geni: ZWIEBACK Family.
  • [S707] Ella Zirner ZWIEBACK, Citizenship Card, 6584770 (21 Jan 1946); U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
  • [S728] Waehring Cemetery, Funeral Record; Katharina ZWIEBACK (Wien, Austria: n.pub., 1878). Hereinafter cited as Funeral Record; Katharina ZWIEBACK.
  • [S731] Jewish Memorial Wiener Neustadt, online http://www.juedische-gemeinde-wn.at/Pages/Friedhof/…. Hereinafter cited as Jewish Memorial Wiener Neustadt.
  • [S733] Budapest Civil Registry; Marriages, Dr. Csaba Bela Hatvany, Budapest, Budapest, Hungary. Hereinafter cited as Budapest Civil Registry; Marriages.
  • [S743] Holocaust victims; Yad Vashem, online unknown url. Hereinafter cited as Holocaust victims; Yad Vashem.
  • [S756] "Family history; BACON of England," (MS, ca 2000; Paris, France); unknown repository reference, Edgar Zwieback; Long Beach, Los Angeles, California, USA. Hereinafter cited as "Family history; BACON of England."
  • [S759] Obituary; Ludwig Zwieback, Sport & Salon; Illustrated Magazine for the Noble World (In German), Wien, Austria, 3 Feb 1906, 7. Hereinafter cited as Sport & Salon (In German).